Shenton Safaris

Rhino Bombshell: SA Minister plans to permit trade in horn

In a somewhat bewildering announcement today, South African Environmental Affairs Minister Edna Molewa has declared that she plans to permit the trade in rhino horn domestically and, in what looks like a loophole big enough to drive a tractor through, the export internationally of horn for ‘personal purposes’. This after years of repeated attempts by her in court to resist applications by local rhino farmers to trade horn on the domestic market.


©Simon Espley

Anyone wanting to take advantage of the proposed legislation will need to acquire the necessary permits, and the rhino horn has to be genetically profiled by a suitably registered scientific institution. Non-South African citizens and residents may also apply for the necessary permits, so long as their home country provides a letter stating that domestic legislation is in place to prevent the contravention of the relevant ‘provisions of CITES’.

Those wishing to export rhino horn (for ‘personal purposes’ only) are limited to two horns per person. Not long ago similarly flimsy regulations relating to trophy hunting were famously massaged by members of the trophy hunting industry and wildlife trafficking kingpin Chemlong Lemtongthai (currently residing in jail as a result), in order to illegally trade in rhino horn – by the use of Thai strippers and prostitutes posing as huntresses, each there to bag their rhino kill and export the horn as a ‘trophy’, again for ‘personal’ purposes.

Anybody in contravention of the proposed legislation will be fined up to R5 million or sent to jail for up to 5 years, or both. Repeat offenders will receive double those punishments.

The focus in this proposed legislation on permits to control this extremely lucrative industry could be a concern for informed conservationists – in a country that has notoriously bad implementation of permit requirements and rampant and rising fraud and corruption amongst government officials.

Interested parties have 30 days to make representations or to object, to Ms Magdel Boshoff at

Read or download the relevant government gazette notice.


Africa Geographic Editorial

We're the Africa Geographic editorial team – a diverse set of editors, designers and social media natives, all united by our passion for this addictive continent.

  • Albina Hume

    We finally have an opportunity to end rhino wars and give a rhino the cup of life. Trade in legally produced horn does not mean ending rhino poaching crisis over a night.

    13 February, 2009 South African rhinos were put under moratorium on trade in legally produced horn from privately owned rhinos. 8 years later, the country has lost over 7000 rhinos to poaching in comparison to less than 200 poached rhinos in total of 40 years during local legal trade in rhino horn prior the moratorium.

    In past 8 years criminals received an opportunity to establish a monopoly for illegal trade in rhino horn; we’ll have to outwork criminals and drive them out of business.
    South Africa saved rhinos once; South Africa can do it again!

    P.S. It’s time to educate the world that a rhino’s life is far more precious than its horn!

    Here’s the link to a 10 -page document to make public comments :

    #SaveTheRhinoNotTheHorn, #ChangeTheLawChangeTheFuture

    • Simon Espley

      Perhaps you should disclose that you are married to the owner of the largest private rhino herd in the world, and that his application to trade has driven this entire process?

      • Albina Hume

        I am very proud of my husband, a former property developer John Hume, who dedicated 25 years of his life to breed and protect rhinos for future generations. With so many successful people in South Africa and around the world, who love wildlife and nature, John at age 75 happened to be the only man on the planet who has bred 1000 rhinos and who currently protects nearly 1500 rhinos, while deprived of an income for the past 8 years (!), helping rhinos with his own savings and funds.

        • Simon Espley

          Thank you for disclosing that info

        • David Fieldman

          A true hero.

      • ctulpa

        Due to the hard work and courage of John Hume, there are 1500 more rhinos in the world. And he does this without a legal market and pays for all the expensive protection himself. We need more men like John Hume and the rhinos future would be better.

        • Malcolm Ryen

          Surely we need more men interested in conservation and making sure rhino survive extinction. Do we need proposer of trade and making a business out of it? If he has managed for so many years we all congratulate with him, can we ask him to look for funds to keep going instead of trying to sells his animals and speculate over them? It doesn’t seem such a bad idea no? The world will be happy to finance him to keep the rhino, but surely not to sell them to the Vietnamese.. Don’t you think it is a feasible possibility? Many organisations and philanthropists will be happy to help him with his work if he wasn’t trying to make millions of usd out of it no?

    • Johan Dannhauser

      I also Firmly believe that legal trade is the only option to save the rhino. The costs involved in safeguarding rhino is just to much to bear. The Kruger are being stripped of rhino almost on a daily basis at the moment. It doesn’t even reach the news anymore. If controlled well. I don’t see why it can not be as successful as with the Nile Crocodile or many other species, saved from the brink of extinction by breeding and supplying the demand.

      • Malcolm Ryen

        Can you prove it with scientific data? How may rhino do you need to breed in order to fulfill demand? Do a proper business plan that is credible and then we may reconsider.. Have you considered that a crocodile produce hundreds of egg per litter? And also crocodile skin was very popular in the 80-90ies but luckily it has gone pretty much out of fashion now.

        • ctulpa

          Can you prove that Bans can work? No, you can’t as the current illegal trade needs the Bans to generate the most profit from the illegal black market. The criminal poaching syndicates enjoy seeing a declining population as it increases their profits on their stockpiles. As proven, Bans will continue to cause the decimation of the rhino.

          • Malcolm Ryen

            Though the ban worked until 2009 right? How is that? Before there was no demand.. Once asia became rich and started seeing some few horns then they wanted more.. So you can either provide them with enough or it’s not going to change anything only get things worse. Please again give us numbers instead of feelings..

  • Nearly as good as the argument about “one off sales of ivory” would depress the market. It’s a trafficker’s charter. CITES are rubbish as well.

  • Malcolm Ryen

    Dear Albina and other trade supporters, i would like to see some scientific serious proposal on how breeding rhino and trading their horns can actually produce enough horns to fulfill the demand. Not considering that by legalizing the trade demand will automatically drastically increase. Current demand is well over 1000 horns (pairs) a year. You can harvest horns 3-4 times in a rhino’s life more and less every 10 yrs or so, slightly less, which means you would need only to fulfill current demand to farm almost the whole world population of rhinos.. Speculating on asian ignorance belief that it cures cancer, once legally available in pharmacies you can imagine how the demand would explode.. And obviously we should not forget that a bullet costs far less then farming an animal for 30-40 yrs.. And as someone else said just look at what has happened with the 2 “one off sales” of ivory. I live in Tanzania and we lost 70,000 elephants in 7 years thanks to the most stupid decision of Cites to allow for the trade.. To beat poaching there is no other way than a full ban on trade, strong law enforcement (instead of having head of intelligence services involved in the trade) and demand reduction through awareness campaign. Since the world has become serious on ivory trade, poaching has gone down a lot and with the new ban in China it will be soon a story of the past, unless some other lobby with vested interests will start proposing to trade again..

    • Albina Hume

      Dear Malcolm, first I won’t compare rhinos with elephants because they are different.
      You are from Tanzania, a country that had many more rhinos than South Africa in the late 70’s. What happened to the rhinos in Tanzania? How many are they now?
      It was the year I was born – 1977, when the global ban on trade in rhino horn was implemented to insure the survival of the species for mine and the next generations. I guess, scientists were thinking that if the trade is banned, there won’t be market for rhino horn, and no incentive to produce it. And I wouldn’t be writing this answer to you, 40 years later.
      Unfortunately, 7000 South African rhinos that were poached in the past 8 years speak for themselves that prohibition on trade in rhino horn does not stop the trade, but rather create the monopoly for criminals who trade in rhino horn illegally.
      As for your question, I don’t have to be a scientist to realize that despite all taken measures to prohibit the use of rhino horn, rhinos are threatened with extinction more than ever before.
      When some say that the poaching crisis for rhinos due to demand reduction issue and a law enforcement issue – I’d like to propose a question – how do we resolve the two issues on a global level in time to save the rhino?
      How many more rhinos have to die before we realize that it’s not the demand for rhino horn that is killing the rhino, but the method by which such demand is supplied?
      How can we expect the law enforcement to be imposed for rhinos’ rescue when it hasn’t been resolved for the illegal drug trade, the arms smuggling rackets or human trafficking rings? Experts in crime and technology have failed at doing this. The military has failed. The CIS, FBI and INTERPOL have failed. So, how exactly do we enforce the law which failed rhinos for 40 years?
      As Winston Churchill said once- those that fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it. That’s why I support the change of law, which I know from own experience would change the future for rhinos for better.
      #SavetheRhinoNotTheHorn, #ChangeTheLawChangeTheFuture

    • Albina Hume

      Dear Malcolm, first- rhinos and elephants are different, same as their conservation history. You live in Tanzania, where were many more rhinos than in South Africa in the late 70’s. What have happened to the rhinos in Tanzania? How many are they now?
      It was the year I was born – 1977, when a global ban on trade in rhino horn was implemented to conserve the species for my and the next generations. I guess, scientists were thinking that if the trade is banned, there won’t be market for rhino horn, and no incentive to produce it. And I wouldn’t need to write you this answer, 40 years later.

      Sadly, over 7000 South African rhinos that were poached in the past 8 years, speak for themselves – prohibition on trade in rhino horn does not stop the trade. Instead, prohibition creates the monopoly for criminals who trade in rhino horn illegally.
      I don’t have to be a scientist to realise a fact, that despite all taken measures to prohibit the use of rhino horn, rhinos are threatened with extinction more than ever before.

      When some say that the poaching crisis for rhinos due to demand reduction issue and a law enforcement issue – I’d like to propose a question- how do we think the two issues are going to be resolved on a global level in time to save the rhino?
      How many more rhinos have to die before we realise that it’s not the demand for horn that is killing the rhino but the method by which such demand is supplied?
      And how can we expect the law enforcement to be imposed for rhinos’ rescue when it hasn’t been resolved for the illegal drug trade, the arms smuggling rackets or human trafficking rings? Experts in crime and technology have failed at doing this. The military has failed. The CIA, FBI and INTERPOL have failed. So how exactly do we enforce the law which failed rhinos for 40 years?

      As Winston Churchill said once – those that fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it. That’s why I support the change of law, which I know from own experience would change the future for rhinos for better.
      #SaveTheRhinoNotTheHorn, #ChangeTheLawChangeTheFuture

      • Malcolm Ryen

        Dear Albina point by point
        1) the ban was put up in 1977 because poaching had already decimated the rhino population in Tanzania
        and other countries by then. From the beginning of last century to 1977 when the ban was instituted, rhino population dropped from 500,000 down to less then 70,000.
        Also consider that any law has no value of it is not implemented.. It is in fact under the total ban on trade that rhino population recovered in SA and some other countries.
        Only in recent years poaching exploded again (2009), due to various factors, one of the most important the great wealth risen in East Asia hence the demand.
        We (Tanzania) lost all our rhinos even before the ban. And remember that local trade in many countries continued to be legal.
        As for ivory, China still has a legal domestic market which will soon be prohibited and we already see poaching going down.
        2) Under the ban, rhino populations in South Africa grew and saved the species from extinction.
        3) You (and other private owner) as proposers of legalisation of trade and with a stock pile of approx 10 tons worth around 100 million usd
        should have done some scientific research to back your ideas up. SA government with another 20 tons worth 200M usd obviously has no interest
        in stopping poaching since it favors the idea that legalization can work and could bring a lot of money into somebody’s pocket.
        I am sure you have seen Al Jazeera undercover where the head of the SA intelligence department is seen together with one of the biggest Vietnamese kingpins in the rhino horn trade business.
        You can not simply say the way things are do not work hence let’s legalize. Because things would get even worse if you are not right..
        So you MUST be able to prove me and the international community that farming rhino can fulfill the demand for horns. You can not furnish such data not because you are nota a scientist (i am sure you can hire someone) but because in fact you would need almost all the existing rhinos on the planet to be farmed only to fulfill the current demand.
        Which is obviously impossible.
        I did my calculation by looking at horn growth and harvesting time and I can roughly see that you would only be able to fulfill maybe 20% of the demand.
        And as obvious once legal it would be sold everywhere and demand would skyrocket increasing poaching even more.
        4) There have been many loopholes that have been used in order to trade horn, such as hunting permits, and it has been proven many times
        how Vietnamese traders have been using such ways to export horns.
        5) Of course it’s the demand for horn that is killing rhinos, come on.. There is no way you can fulfill such demand, and in fact this is the focus point i have been asking you and your colleague to prove us that the demand can be fulfilled, otherwise the illegal trade is going to continue. Things move much faster these days, China in 2008 boomed the trade on ivory and 9 yrs later is banning it. In the 70-80ies when the western world was consuming, it took 20 years to realise the damage and change mindsets but now we can do it much faster if we all move on the same page. Instead we have people like you who keep proposing and announcing that trading is possible and instead of working toward stopping demand you push for it to keep going.

        I agree with you that legalization of drugs could work, would destroy the illegal trade and probably even reduce demand. But there is a fundamental
        difference between drugs and rhino horn or ivory. You can produce as much drug as you want and fulfill demand hence crash the price of the illegal trade
        On the contrary with rhino horn and ivory this is not possible (scientifically) and legal trade would not be able to fulfill demand hence the illegal market
        and poaching would still thrive.
        So what i suggest, instead of trading is a complete ban, complete closure of any loopholes such as hunting export permit, complete closure of any legal
        domestic market, a complete stop of any discussion of trade which keeps hope and the market open, real commitment from government to tackle the issue with intelligence led operations to identify the kingpins of the trade, and real commitment from the international community with strong sanction from Cites to any country who does not effectively shut down the trade and finally strong awareness campaign where demand is.

        As you said let’s learn from history and let’s look at what the legalization of controlled trade has done to elephant population in africa reduced by 30% in less
        then 10 years, since the one off sale to China was allowed. Let’s not do the same mistake, again..

        • Albina Hume

          Dear Malcolm, unfortunately your attempt to claim that the CITES global ban on trade in rhino horn has helped the rhinos’ survival in South Africa is deeply flawed.

          If all the rhinos of the world went under the same protection of global ban, same as 600+ South African rhinos, why then only South Africa became a home to 90% of world’s rhino population in present time?

          To understand better what really saved the most threatened specie – white rhino – in South Africa and made it the most thriving specie on the planet, I suggest you watch this short interview with the late Dr. Ian Player , who’s considered one of the influential main driving forces behind “Operation Rhino”.
          Dr. Ian Player explains the significant role of progressive policies that played in the saving of the white rhino in South Africa , and why it is essential to legalize the trade in rhino horn to secure the species’ survival.
          Thank you.

          • Malcolm Ryen

            Dear Albina i will watch it tomorrow, now i need to go to sleep. But please can you tell me how many horns can you produce in one year? My understanding is around 150 if at all. Current demand is around 1500. Once you will be able to legally buy horns in a pharmacy in Vietnam, China, Thailand, Laos etc I would expect demand to exponentially increase. So instead of going around and around can you please answer to my questions? And prove me that it is mathematically possible to beat poachers with a legal trade? Otherwise we are only wasting our time. I understand your investment is worth such waste of time since you can make several milliions of usd if trade is allowed but please give me some more realistic reason for your proposals. (By the way how many tons of horns do you have in your stock? To give an idea of your interests in the trade to other readers)
            China was allowed 5 tons a year of legal trade a year and by their own statement at Cites in Thailand their annual requirement was of 200 tons a year. Which means that with 5 legal tons a year 195 were sold illegally. That is what the uplifting of the ban did to elephants..
            You say we can’t compare elephants and rhino, why? What is the different in a trade of a commodity?
            Thank you

          • Albina Hume

            Dear Malcolm,
            I’ll start with my answer to your last question- why we can’t compare elephants and rhinos?
            – To get ivory you need an elephant to be dead (natural mortality, for example). With rhino horn- which is a renewable product – a rhino stays alive and the horns grow back. As for trade in rhino horn, I’ll repeat: when South Africa allowed a strictly regulated trade in legally produced rhino horn (for over 40 years!) there were no more than 200 rhinos poached during that period. Since trade in legally produced rhino horn from privately owned rhinos was suddenly outlawed, without any explanations, in February 13, 2009 – South Africa lost over 7000 rhinos to poaching. Therefore, regulated trade in legally produced horn has kept national and private South African rhinos safe from a poaching crisis.

            As for regulated trade in ivory, unfortunately this was never allowed, except two singled sales of ivory, which isn’t the same as an open trade in rhino horn that South Africa had for over 40 years, or legalisation of the regulated trade in legally produced vicuna’s fibre in South America that ultimately saved specie from been poached to extinction. I recommend, you read a book “Elephant Conservation” by Ron Thomson, who spent 30 years working in southern Africa’s national parks. He explains why elephants in Tanzania, Kenya (and in northern Mozambique) have experienced a colossal poaching crisis and why this level of poaching, however, did not occur in any of the southern African elephant range states.

            Now, back to rhinos. You seemed to be unaware that my husband and I are not the only rhino owners in South Africa who support the reverse of the moratorium on trade in legally produced rhino horn. 85% of South African rhino owners call to bring back trade in legally produced horn, that was outlawed in 2009, with only 6% against and 9% undecided. Currently, 6500 rhinos are protected by private rhino owners in South Africa. Since 2009 private rhino owners have spent $115 million on security costs with zero insensitive or assistance from government or many wildlife non-profit organisations who actively collect donations on rhino’s blood while opposing trade in legally produced horn, which – I repeat -.was in place until Feb 13, 2009!

            As for my husband’s personal financial contribution to the rhinos’ survival, he spent over $50 million of his own savings and funds to protect 1500 rhinos at our ranch. Currently, John rapidly runs out of money, having sold all his business properties and having zero income, with security costs keep drastically risen. In the past 8 years, John legally produced 5 tons of rhino horn, which under the moratorium isn’t allowed for trade, donation or distraction. DNA’d horns with registered permits are simply locked away in secure places, in comparison to times when we sold registered horns at a price $1000 per kg. The reverse of the moratorium is our only hope to generate income from legally produced rhino horn, where rhino owners would receive back their right to conserve and successfully protect 6500 rhinos that we collectively save for future generations. If this is not done, the 6500 rhinos in private protection would end up poached to extinction despite all efforts, as rhino owners are not able to continue with the sky high costs of protecting their rhinos, while deprived of an income.

            We must realise that the question isn’t about the trade, but which trade must prevail – legal or illegal?

            P.S. If you have some more questions, Malcolm, I suggest you wait until my second book is published. It’s an instant guide into the rhino’s plight, titled “The Man Who Bred 1000 Rhinos” . It should be released at the end of 2017.
            Meanwhile, you can read “Game Changer: Animal Rights and the fate of Africa’s Wildlife” by award-winning environmental reporter Glen Martin, and “Operation Lock and the War on Rhino Poaching” by Dr. John Hanks.
            Thank you.

          • Malcolm Ryen

            Thank you for your reply. Still you have not answered my first question which is can you fulfill the demand? Can you present us a business plan? You say Rhino and Elephants are different, well yes and no.. Potentially you could dart and elephant and cut his tusks off for the trade.. Until the ban on ivory was completely instated we had no poaching, it is only when China was allowed as a buyer that poaching exploded. And since Obama and XinPing have agreed on a total ban of also domestic trade poaching has gone down drastically and prive of Ivory has reduced more then 50%. Current rhino horn demand is of at least 5 tons a year, which you produced in 8 years.. you seem to also not consider the fact that the market is asia which economy boomed in the past 10 yrs. Meaning that before 2009 there was basically very little demand. What you are proposing is to save your 6500 rhino you are going to condemn the remaining 15,000 because a bullet will always be cheaper then a breeding programme.. And also since 2009 there has been several loopholes used to trade the horns with hunting permits and we all know of so many such scandals. Why instead don’t we concentrate the debate from trade or not trade in stop the corruption behind the illegal trade? Stop the officials behind it? Surely it is not an easy task but that is where all our efforts and sanctions should go, instead of being distracted by your proposals..

  • Terry Hodson

    Here’s the thing – if these regs are adhered to and the horns not sold for commercial purposes how does this help stop the commercial trade that causes all the poaching? If these regs are not adhered to and this “legal” horn is then sold on, again it will not only fuel the demand but will cause corruption to fester around these permits.

  • ctulpa

    We have the proof that Bans do not to work. The current status of Rhino shows they have been decimated due to the black market created by Bans.

    Under the current illegal Trade created by Bans, the only ones that profit from rhino are the criminal poaching organizations and the NGO Animal Rights Activist Organizations that support Bans and need the plight of Rhino and other species to get their donation cash generating machine working from emotional donors. Both of these groups contribute to the decimation of rhinos from their actions.

    Proponents of Bans always try to say that legal trade will not fulfill all the demand and thus should not be allowed. What a poor excuse of an argument. Bans do not fulfill the entire demand, so why do you support bans? The illegal black market enjoys the reduction of rhino numbers to increase the value.

    Illegal Trade is going on right now and every day and rhinos are dying to supply the horn. However under the bans, the only ones that benefit are the poachers. Currently, Rhinos die as they are killed to provide horn under the current Illegal Trade Ban model. Rhinos have no future under a Ban and illegal Trade, as has been shown over the last many years.

    By allowing regulated Legal Trade it can provide those that are breeding and increasing rhino populations an opportunity to benefit, and to allow rhinos to have a future. Rhinos can supply part of the demand with cut horn and the rhinos do not have to die. With legal trade, more ranchers will again start to breed more rhinos as there will be incentive to do so.

    How can you calculate how much Legal Trade can supply, when most ranchers currently are not breeding rhinos as they are cut off from any financial benefits. With a change to regulated Legal Trade, it will provide the necessary economic benefit for ranchers to breed more rhino.

    Sustainable use has proven time and again to save wildlife species. Rhinos do not have to die to provide the horn. Value in horn provides the incentive to breed more rhino and give them a future.

    We have to ask, who is supporting Bans and the illegal Trade model? As they must be either part of the criminal poaching syndicates that need Bans to thrive, or they are part of a donation sucking organization that needs the plight of a decimated rhino population to thrive.

    • Malcolm Ryen

      Dear Ctulpa how do you explain then that under the ban period rhino population grew? Do not be simplistic, things are a bit more complex. Since the late 80ies until 2009 rhino population increased incredibly. And it was under a ban period. So if ban didn’t work how do you explain it? The issue is that ban must be enforced.. And demand must not be there. Poaching started again when demand started again. You say it’s a poor argument to say trade will not fulfill entire demand, so then prove it wrong, it seems quite easy, give the world numbers, how many horns can you actually produce in a year? Can you give us this simple information? Instead of talking feelings please let’s talk numbers. And again we saw what happened with the legal sale of ivory where trade did not fulfilled demand and we lost around 150,000 elephants in the continent in 8 years, so before we make the same mistake with rhino please prove me wrong and give me data. I work in the tourism industry and as you i don’t like most of the usual classic big useless NGOs but still i love conservation. I asked the wife of the biggest interested party in the horn trade and i ask you, give us numbers!

  • disqus_jY6TTaPeJI

    Redirect our taxes towards true conservation, kick hunters out of government and private CONservation, stop paying for fake science, because we all know what is really going on. Shut down corrupt and ineffective existing CONservation and rebuild.

    • Schroederville

      YES! YES! YES!!! Get the hunters OUT of government!!! The “CON” in conservation… all driven by greed.

  • disqus_jY6TTaPeJI

    Farming rhino for their horns is as ridiculous and wasteful, and will undermine the survival of rhino.
    Keratin production can be done much more efficiently using chemical manufacturing.

  • disqus_jY6TTaPeJI

    Chemical production can exactly represent rhino horn.
    Chemical manufacturing of rhino horn keratin exposes the myth that rhino horn has aphrodisiac properties.

  • disqus_jY6TTaPeJI

    “DEA in 180º turn on domestic rhino horn trade” Ie. Not evidence or science based. Bribery and corruption.

  • Robert Sehannie

    The only question I have is,
    How much is she getting in her back pocket

  • Theuns Victor

    It just shows you how they change their minds in order to get the popularity of criminals to stay in power

  • Charlie Tischler


  • Elizabeth

    Wonderful news for the vast majority of the citizens of this planet.
    Legalizing the killing of rhinos for their horns to permit their Trade, it cames on the perfect and convenient time for particular interest groups here in US now that the honorable representative mr. Young ( R. Alaska) had introduced again a bill to re-authorize the Ivory Trade.
    The problem is that in this case rhinos and elephants DO NOT HAVE TIME. Pretty soon they will be gone thanks to the greedy and selfish singular putrit porcentage of our own specie.

    We need to ACT NOW…

  • jane

    seriously? how can you legalize trade of ivory…where have you seen all these rhinos you want to kill?

  • Àntionette

    Everyone that hàve a big mouth against the legal trade in Rhino horn do not think past theiŕ short noses!! It cost the Rhino owners – espeseally the one we work for – millions every month to protect and provide foŕ his Rhino’s!!! You guys do not think the whole scenario thru!! The Rhino horn can be harvested every 2 to 3 years and this way the Rhino’s stay well and alive!!! Doinğ this and then selling the horns legally give the owner the means to bred Rhino’s long term and save our Rhino fŕom exrinction!!! Small game farmers sell their Rhino because they can not afford to loose R450 000 to R2 ooo ooo every time his Rhino’s get poaçhed!! And 99.99% of the time a çow get killed you loose 2 Rhino’s and not just 1 because she is pregnant!!! Use youŕ GOD given brains properly and think the whole þhing thru before you show the whole worlď how stupiď you are!!!!

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