Rats sniff out 13,274 landmines in Mozambique

On Thursday the 17th of September, at a ceremony in Maputo, His Excellency Minister Oldemiro Júlio Margues Baloi Minister of Foreign Affairs, will declare the country ‘free of all known landmines’. 


APOPO, who have been working in the country to help clear the landmines since 2007, would like to extend their heartfelt congratulations to the people and government of Mozambique. Attending the ceremony is APOPO’s Head of Mine Action Africa, Tess Tewelde. He says, “APOPO is extremely proud to have played a part in this historical achievement that now allows the people of Mozambique to finally live without the fear of landmines and explosive remnants of war.”


Following completion of remaining landmine sites in Manica and Sofala provinces in early 2015, APOPO proudly and safely finalised all their humanitarian tasks in Mozambique, in the process destroying a total of 13,274 landmines and returning 11,124,446 square metres of land for safe and productive use.

APOPO has helped rid five provinces of landmines, returning safe land back to local communities to live, work, farm and play without fear. Most households in these areas are headed by smallholder farmers who have not been able to use the land to grow crops and sustain their livestock for decades, until APOPO arrived to clear and release the area.

APOPO remains in the country at the request of the National Institute of Demining to continue providing technical expertise and capacity for any residual or remaining clearance work such as the former ammunition store now known as the Malhazine Ecological Park, which Mozambique’s Ministry of Environment is transforming into a nature reserve, educational and tourism centre.


Mozambique’s landmine problem was once one of the most severe in the world, with a legacy of landmines and explosive remnants of war from decades of conflict. Tens of thousands of landmines were laid in the country during its 1964-1975 fight for independence and throughout the civil war that followed. All factions used landmines to defend provincial and district towns, roads, airstrips, key bridges, power supply infrastructure and military posts. Although the civil war ended in the early 1990s, landmines and unexploded ordnance have continued to claim hundreds of lives of innocent people and hinder development.

A large-scale mine clearance effort was launched in 1993 by the United Nations Operations in Mozambique as well as international NGOs. At that time Mozambique was considered one of the most mine affected countries in the world.

As well as traditional approaches to mine action such as manual de-miners with metals detectors and ground preparation and de-mining machines, APOPO also deploys its unique mine detection rats to help speed up operations as they detect only explosive material (TNT) and ignore harmless scrap metal. One HeroRAT can check an area of 200m² in about 20 minutes – a task that would take a conventional de-miner up to four days.

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  • CAG

    This is an amazing story, and so encouraging to learn that rats can be trained in this way. Hopefully they will continue to use them and de-mine all the other places in Africa [and abroad] who need the same clearance. Perhaps the rats could be taught how to sniff out poachers and their bounty!!!!

  • Aurora

    Great idea CAG — Johannesburg has hundreds if not thousands of rats, they could be fat more useful smelling out poachers of flora and fauna

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