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Makgadikgadi Pans


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The Makgadikgadi Pans is a series of salt pans in the middle of the dry savanna of north-eastern Botswana - one of the largest salt flats in the world.

The pans are all that remains of the formerly enormous Lake Makgadikgadi, which once covered an area larger than Switzerland, but dried up tens of thousands of years ago. At that time, the area consisted of a fertile area of lakes, rivers, marshes, woodlands and grasslands.

These salt pans cover an area of 16,057.9 km2 and include Sua Pan, Ntwetwe Pan and Nxai Pan. The pans are salty desert whose only plant life is a thin layer of blue-green algae. However, the fringes of the pan are salt marshes and further out these are circled by grassland and then shrubby savanna. The prominent baobab trees found in the area function as local landmarks. The area attracts two zebra migrations, one of which is the longest mammal migration in Africa.

READ MORE about the zebra migrations to Botswana's salt pans

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