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Africa Geographic
Wildlife . People . Travel

Written by: Georgina Lockwood

Dr. Stephen van der Spuy, executive director of SANCCOB, highlighted the extent of the African penguin’s decline by showing a clip of the wildlife personality, Cherry Kearton, as he interacted with the African penguins on Dassen Island.

© Michael John Nicoll
Jackass penguins on Dassen Island in 1908 © Michael John Nicoll

By the end of the black and white video clip my head was swimming with the penguins, and for the first time I understood the extent of the African penguin’s decline.

There is nothing quiet as delightful as watching a clumsy African/jackass penguin, running like a schoolboy with his pants down, transform into a master swimmer with a torpedo-like agility as it dives into the ocean. The African penguin is such a character that it even has its own day – African Penguins Awareness Day.

I was at SANCCOB’s General Meeting at the Two Ocean’s Aquarium learning about the charismatic penguins that attract 650,000 tourists to the sleepy coastal village of Simon’s Town, and what SANCCOB is doing to save them – treating on average 1,500 penguins in a non-spill year.


The biological definition of a colony is: organisms of the same species, in this case African penguins, living closely together in order to benefit from the safety found in numbers. Colonies of these suited-up little birds used to exist all along the southern African coastline. In the 1900s it was estimated that there were between three and four million penguins – now, that’s a happy and healthy ‘colony’.

In 2014 there were only 19,000 breeding pairs dotted across South Africa, with another estimated 6,000 in Namibia, which means that there really aren’t that many left.

© Michael John Nicoll
Penguins at Dassen in 1908 © Michael John Nicoll
© Mikkel Houmøller
The African penguin colony at Boulders Beach in Simon’s Town in 2009© Mikkel Houmøller

Sadly, overfishing, habitat loss, oil spills and predation (by seals, caracals, mongoose, domestic animals pose the biggest threats to the African penguin’s survival. The population in South Africa has been reduced to Simons Town, Robben Island, Dyer’s Island, Stoney Point and Dassen Island, with 60% of the birds occurring on St Croix Island and Bird Island near Cape St. Francis.

What is SANCCOB doing to help? In to 2006 SANCCOB embarked on a Chick Bolstering Project – treating between 800 to 900 penguin chicks per year and roughly 500 just between October and January that were abandoned by their parents in moulting season – a time during which the adults shed and regrow their tuxedo and are unable to feed. This is a natural occurrence but, as there are so few penguins left, human intervention has been deemed essential for the aquatic bird’s survival. And the good news is, it’s working! A recent study has revealed that hand-reared chicks survive just as well as wild ones.

SANCCOB has treated 95,000 oiled, injured, abandoned and ‘at risk’ African penguins and other seabirds since 1968 in Cape Town and Cape St. Francis, and in my humblest of opinions is a very worthwhile charity after what I saw at their AGM.

To help contribute to the plight of African penguins, click here or get a MyPlanet card and select SANCCOB as a beneficiary!

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