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West African giraffe return to Gadabedji after 50 years of absence

Relocated giraffe in boma

© Giraffe Conservation Foundation/Sean Viljoen

Press release from Giraffe Conservation Foundation

The Giraffe Conservation Foundation and Sahara Conservation Fund announce the safe reintroduction of eight highly threatened West African giraffe into Gadabedji Biosphere Reserve (recently listed as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO). In two trips of 48 hours each, two groups of four giraffe were translocated over 800 kilometres by truck to their new home. This is the first conservation effort of its kind in Niger, and for West African giraffe.

West African giraffe

© Giraffe Conservation Foundation/Sean Viljoen

The world’s last remaining population of West African giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis peralta), a subspecies of the Northern giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis), is restricted to the ‘Giraffe Zone’ in the Republic of Niger, an area approximately 60 kilometres south-east of the capital Niamey.

Even though the ‘Giraffe Zone’ is not formally protected, it forms part of the W Transboundary Biosphere Reserve, covering more than 1,700 km². These West African giraffe are an isolated population, with the closest population of giraffe being Kordofan giraffe (G. c. antiquorum) that live more than 2,000 kilometres away in northern Cameroon and southern Chad – also a subspecies of the Northern giraffe.

Giraffe captured for relocation

© Giraffe Conservation Foundation/Sean Viljoen

Operation Sahel Giraffe commenced in early November 2018, after a year of meticulous preparation. Eight giraffe were individually captured in the ‘Giraffe Zone’ and transferred to a holding pen (boma), where they were kept for more than three weeks to prepare them for the long journey.

Giraffe being led into container for relocation

© Giraffe Conservation Foundation/Sean Viljoen

The eight giraffe were then transported in two groups of four, an arduous journey for both the giraffe and the team, before their successful release in Gadabedji Biosphere Reserve recently.

Giraffe being relocated

© Giraffe Conservation Foundation/Sean Viljoen

Almost 50 years ago, giraffe became locally extinct in the Gadabedji area because of drought and illegal hunting. Since 2013 Niger’s Wildlife Authority, with support from the Niger Fauna Corridor Project/UNDP, has worked diligently towards restoring the region’s wildlife and their habitat.

The re-introduction of giraffe will further enrich the reserve’s biodiversity and contribute to increasing community development and support in the region.

Aerial view of giraffes in truck during relocation

© Giraffe Conservation Foundation/Sean Viljoen

“The Government of Niger has undertaken a significant effort to re-introduce giraffe back into the Gadabedji Biosphere Reserve. This is a major giraffe conservation success. The giraffe have not been seen in this area for more than 45 years due to a combination of illegal hunting, habitat loss and climate change. In the days immediately following the release, the giraffe have explored the reserve and its periphery. Local communities and traditional authorities provide updates of giraffe movements to the management unit of the reserve, highlighting their commitment to conserving giraffe in the region.” – says Lt Colonel Ali Laouel Abagana, Coordinator of the Niger Fauna Corridor Project/UNDP

Holding boma for giraffe

© Giraffe Conservation Foundation/Sean Viljoen

In the mid-1990s there were only 49 West African giraffe left in the wild, and as a result the subspecies was listed as ‘Endangered’ on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2008.

Comprehensive conservation efforts by the Government of Niger, in collaboration with local and international partners, have triggered an amazing recovery of the West African giraffe population to over 600 individuals today. This positive trend resulted in the downlisting of West African giraffe to ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List last month (November 2018).

Giraffe in the holding boma

© Giraffe Conservation Foundation/Sean Viljoen

Operation Sahel Giraffe has been a partnership between the Giraffe Conservation Foundation, Sahara Conservation Fund, Niger’s Ministry of Environment, and the Niger Fauna Corridor Project/UNDP. Valuable support was provided by Ivan Carter’s Wildlife Conservation Alliance, San Diego Zoo Global, Saint Louis Zoo, Born Free, and Prague University of Life Sciences. Further field support was provided by Dr Pete Morkel, Dr Philippe Chardonnet, Niger Directorate of Veterinary Services, Cheri Morkel, David O’Connor (San Diego Zoo Global), Dr Liza Dadone (Cheyenne Mountain Zoo), Andrea Bryant, and Sean Viljoen.

West African giraffe

© Giraffe Conservation Foundation/Sean Viljoen


Read more about giraffes, in collaboration with the Giraffe Conservation Foundation, in our story: Giraffes – The Silent Extinction

Giraffes, the silent extinction



Giraffe Conservation Foundation

The Giraffe Conservation Foundation (GCF) is dedicated to securing a future for all giraffe populations and (sub)species in the wild. The Giraffe Conservation Foundation's vision is that of a sustainable future where all giraffe populations and (sub)species are protected and secure in the wild.

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